Learn Chinese Alphabet

There is no Chinese alphabet actually. The syllable is what gets closer to our conception of the alphabet we use for spelling words in the Westerner languages. But in Chinese syllable,there are two important elements:an initial and a final. An initial is Shengmu, and all the Shengmu you can see Shengmu list. A final is Yunmu, all the Yunmu you can see Yunmu list. A syllable consists of an initial + a final or a final without an initial. An initial also is a consonant. Yunmu is a single vowel like ” a, e, o ” and the compound yun like ” ao and an “as examples. Chinese alphabet have 21 shengmu and the 38 yunmu.Chinese alphabet Learn Chinese Alphabet

Every syllable in Chinese has a clearly defined pitch of voice associated with it to distinguish characters with the same sound from each other.Pinyin uses four easily-remembered diacritical marks to tell you what the tones of words are. They are fisrt tone, second tone, third tone and fourth tone, another without any marks tone is unstressed syllable.

How to learn Chinese Alphabet

Pinyin is a romanization and not an anglicization. Pinyin uses Roman letters to represent sounds in Standard Mandarin Chinese. The way these letters represent sounds in Standard Mandarin Chinese will differ from how other languages that use the Roman alphabet represent sound. Pinyin is a very useful tool to learn to get around China. The Chinese view their characters as the true Chinese written language, but pinyin can be seen on many maps, road signs, and other notices. Pinyin is much easier to learn, use and remember than characters, particularly if tones are ignored.

 

Chinese Alphabet:

English AlphabetChinese PronunciationPinyin
Aēi
B
C西
D
E
F艾弗ài fú
G
H艾尺ài chǐ
Iài
Jjié
Kkāi
L艾勒ài lè
M艾马ài mǎ
N艾娜ài nà
Oó
P
Q吉吾jí wú
R艾儿ài ér
S艾丝ài sī
T
U伊吾yī wú
Vwéi
W豆贝尔维dòu bèi ěr wéi
X艾克斯yī kè sī
Y吾艾wú ài
Z贼德zéi dé

Shengmu List:

ShengmuChinese PronunciationPinyin
b
p
m
f
d
t
n
l
g
k
h
j
q
x
zhzhī
chchī
shshī
r
z
c
s
y
w

Yunmu List:

Yunmu ListChinese PronunciationPinyin
aā
oō
eē
i
u
ü
aiāi
eiēi
uiwēi
aoāo
ouōu
iuyōu
ie
üeyuē
erēr
anān
enēn
inyīn
unwēn
ünyūn
angāng
enghēng
ingyīng
onghōng

Chinese Tones:

tone Learn Chinese AlphabetThe pinyin system also uses diacritics to mark the four tones of Mandarin. The diacritic is placed over the letter that represents thesyllable nucleus, unless that letter is missing.Before the advent of computers, many typewriter fonts did not contain vowels with macron or caron diacritics. Tones were thus represented by placing a tone number at the end of individual syllables.

  • ma1 or  (high level tone)
  • ma2 or  (rising tone)
  • ma3 or  (falling rising tone)
  • ma4 or  (falling tone)
Chinese EnglishPinyinSymbole.g.
第一声(阴平)First toneDì yī shēng-ā
第二声(阳平)Second toneDì ér shēng/á
第三声(上声)Third toneDì sān shēng\/ǎ
第四声(去声)Fourth toneDì sì shēng\à
轻声Tone of unstressed syllableQīngshēnga

Conclusion

Chinese Alphabet(pinyin) is a system for writing standard Mandarin Chinese using the Roman alphabet. It was developed by the People’s Republic of China in 1958, and implemented in 1979. It is used exclusively in mainland China. Over the years pinyin has become widely accepted by the international community, replacing older systems of Romanization such as the Wade-Giles system.

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